Referencing

What is a Bibliography?

In the Harvard system, your bibliography links with your in-text citations so that the reader can verify the complete details of the work referred to and be able to locate the source material if required.
Please note that the bibliography must be arranged in alphabetical order, by surname; regardless of the source type used. It is important to only include sources actually referred to in the main body of text. If you have not used material in the main body, this material does not belong in the bibliography.
Every source type has different requirements when creating a list. The following are examples of the most commonly used sources:

Example of a printed book:

  • Kotter, J. (1996) Leading change. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Example of an online journal:

  • Porter, M. (2008) ‘The five competitive forces that shape strategy’, Harvard Business Review, 86(1), pp. 78-93.

Example of a webpage:

  • Brown, J. (2012) Social media will play a crucial role in the reinvention of business. Available at: http://blogs.hbr.org/cs/2012/11/social_media_will_play_a_crucial_role_in.html (Accessed: 17 May 2013).

Example of tutor's notes:

  • Murphy, D. (2014) ‘Leading strategic change’. Module 6: implementing strategic change.

Also available is a brief guide to help participants begin to familiarise themselves with the Harvard style of referencing. The guide is available here: Harvard Referencing Guide.